The Yorkshire Dales National Park is a region of exceptional splendor. It lies in the Central Pennines in the North of England.
A series of valleys are cut by five rivers, the Swale, Ure, Nidd, Wharfe and Aire flowing east into the North Sea by way of the Ouse and Humber. Three others, the Ribble, Lune and Eden, all enter the Irish Sea to the West.Every dale has its own character. In the north, Swaledale is the wildest, a deep-cut gorge below rolling heather moors, joined at Reeth by its even wilder tributary, Arkengarthdale. Villages of stone-built cottages which names can be traced to the early Viking settlers line along the banks.
The next dale is Wensleydale, in which the Ure meanders eastwards. Lush meadowlands provide the food for cattle and therefore the famous Wensleydale cheese. The secluded sided-dales, all roughly parallel to each other, are often forgotten gems of beauty.
Next is Nidderdale, which isn’t part of the Yorkshire Dales National Park, with the follow up of the better known Dales of Wharfedale and Airdale. Wharfedale is wooded in its lower reaches and lined with dramatic limestone formations and quaint villages, a feature echoed by its tributary, Littonale, for all except its sombre headwaters. Airedales’s Malham Cove, an aphitheatre of solid limestone, is an outstandng feature of the Dales. The ravine of Gordale Scar, a ‘roofess’ cave, is close by.
Of the western dales, Ribblesdale is essentially a limestone dale separating the three highest summits of the Dales: Whernside, Ingleborough and Pen-y-ghent. Like the other northern rivers which flow into the Irish Sea, its waters are clean enough to welcome sea trout and salmon. Dentdale and Garsdale flow completely within the boundaries of the National Park, the main dale mostly skirting the north-west edge.. Of the Eden, only its highest tributary, Hell Gill, with its fantastic ravine, is within the park, its headwaters forming the county boundary of Cumbria and North Yorkshire, a boundary followed by the National Park.
In many other countries, National Parks are wilderness areas, where few people live. Countries like South Africa or the United States of America have moved residents off land designated as a National Park, where as nature appears more wild. National Parks in England and Wales are protected regions of outstanding beauty where people still live and work. As foreign tourist, this may be a surprising approach, as therefore the unharmed development of wildlife and nature in the National Park obviously is limited. Nevertheless it is understandable and a golden middle way in a densely populated country, to preserve landscapes of extraordinary gorgeousness. The word ‘National’ doesn’t mean though that the National Parks are nationalized or in any way owned by the government.(Source: Short Walks in The Yorkshire Dales, 2012)
Recommended Guide Books of this Region:
Short Walks in The Yorkshire Dales, Brian Spencer, HarperCollins 2012, ISBN 978 0 00 735943 1
Yorkshire Dales, Guide to 30 of the best walking routes, David Leather, Harper Collins 2010, ISBN 978 0 00 735141 1
Yorkshire Dales Walking – on the level, Norman Buckley, Sigma Leisure 1995, ISBN 1-85058-439-7
On foot in the Yorkshire Dales, 35 circular Walks from the Nidd to the Swale, Roland Smith/John Cleare, David and Charles 1996, ISBN 0 7153 0366 X
Featured Image: Bolton Castle with Vlou, the traveling Beagle.